Classics: Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

Hi, friends. Today, we’re looking at a twentieth century classic by a lesser known author. This dystopian fiction is a quick but thought-provoking read.

Brave New World by Aldous Huxley


Brave New World, written in 1932, is science fiction. The first few chapters acclimate readers to the world of the story by oscillating between exposition and character introductions. The Director of the Central London Hatchetry and Conditioning Center, whose motto is “Community, Identity, Stability,” gives new students a tour of the facilities while we meet Bernard Marx, the intelligent yet underwhelming protagonist, and Lenina, the ditzy, beautiful woman he admires. As the narrative focus shifts between the student tour and character conversations, we learn things explicitly and incidentally. We learn explicitly (from the Director but also through Marx, who works there) the detached processes of human production in this world, ranging from laboratory breeding to Pavlovian response training to subliminal messaging during sleep. All these processes engineer a hierarchy of humans from leader Alphas to subordinate Epsilons. We learn incidentally (picking up on characters’ behaviors and convos) that ideas like family, love, envy, sadness, and attachment are alien to them. Most citizens are addicted to a “happy pill” called soma. They sleep around indiscriminately and speak of “trying” someone nonchalantly. There aren’t old people. Public entertainment, such as the movies, is intellectually empty and incorporates physical sensations through the release of pheromones. Every phrase we use “Lord” in, they use “Ford.” Oh, Ford. Thank Ford!

The conflicts begin when Marx, an Alpha who turned out short and ugly due to a mistake, takes Lenina, also an Alpha, on vacation outside “their world” to a reservation where life resembles today’s third-world countries, though the outsiders can access some “modern” things like literature. When Marx meets a boy and his mother and realizes the boy’s father is an important man from “his world,” he brings the family back to the society (parenthood is scandalously gross to the society). As John, who everyone ironically calls “Savage,” attempts to integrate with this “brave new world,” he uncovers the horror in exchanging freedom and passion for perpetual happiness in the form of unfettered hedonism.

[Side note: The first chapter made me so queasy I had to stop, which has never happened to me. It only happened once. I feel compelled to share that for those who are squeamish.]

Additional Details

Upstairs in his room the Savage was reading Romeo and Juliet.


The title of the novel comes from Shakespeare’s The Tempest. In Act V, Scene 1, Miranda says: O wonder!/ How many goodly creatures are there here!/ How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world,/ That has such people in’t.

The “Ford” references allude to Henry Ford, founder of Ford Motor Company; he sponsored the development of assembly lines for mass production. The World State, the entity that controls the globe in Brave New World, operates according to the principles that dictate assembly lines: mass production, homogeneity, predictability, and consumption of disposable consumer goods.

This novel was written between the two world wars. Hitler gained power in Germany the year following its publication. Prior to the first world war, many people thought society would only improve with time, but afterwards, those people felt disillusioned.

The structure of DNA had not been discovered when Brave New World was written, so genetic engineering isn’t part the story. [The structure of DNA was discovered in 1953.]

Thanks for reading! Have you read this one?


  1. Brave New World is in my list of classics to read soon-ish and I’m really hoping to read it before the end of the year, because I have long been interested in it and *blush* I have never read it before.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Have not read this book, but I did read back in college (decades ago) his Doors of Perception.

    One might wonder if the masses are not being effectively “drugged” by the mass media in our times. As well, millions of Americans are under prescription for various meds to control their mental state and behavior.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Never heard of that one but I’ll look into it now. You make a great point about how mass media is drugging society like soma does in the book. People have so much shallowness clogging their brains (social media scrolling, Netflix binging, spoon-fed opinions about the world) that they don’t have to ask the important, existential questions.

      My response to that is the same as John, or the Savage, when he meets the “World Controller” for their region, who explains that truth is an unhappy endeavor…. “I want God. I want poetry. I want freedom.”


  3. I read this book when I was young. I think that was the time I wanted to read recommended books. What I remember was I found it interesting, I remember when you went to a movie you could feel the kisses of the actors. Lol I think I was probably too young to understand it. I read 1984 and Farenheit 451 at the same time. All good books. Another good book that is newer and similar is, The Handmaids Tale. I should re-read all of these books. They are worth a second reading in my old age.


  4. An interesting piece, Lily. What a brilliantly written and prescient book BNW is. Although Huxley spent the last 25 years of his life in the USA, he was actually English and remained a British subject until his death.

    Liked by 1 person

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